Please look at our glossary, become familiar with our terminology, and discover the key points of our project. This glossary was developed by a multidisciplinary team of linguists, nutritionists, and specialists in anthropology, literature, philosophy and psychiatry.
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DIET - Group of foods and beverages ingested by a person usually...
DIGGERS - In the aftermath of the English civil war of 1642-1648, there was much devastation in the land. When local church services were disrupted by the military at Walton in Surrey in April 1649, a handful of men led by the tailor and mystical millennialist Gerrard Winstanley (1609-1676) left the estates of their masters and began digging in the common fields at St. George's Hill, Weybridge, to prepare them for seed as a gesture of their discontent. They were soon joined by other poor and depressed persons from nearby London, leading to protests against their presence in the form of beatings by the local citizens, followed by their being driven off the land and then having their settlements destroyed by the Commonwealth government. Other settlements of Diggers (or, as the called themselves, "True Levellers") in the realm were also destroyed, and the people were scattered and forced to live in little hutches during the winter before again being dispersed. In the aftermath of these events, Winstanley wrote a treatise entitled The Law of Freedom in a Platform or True Magistracy Restored in 1652. Addressed to Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), it contained all the elements of a utopian community.
Private property was forbidden; work and play were communal; money was nonexistent (thereby precluding commerce);relief for the needy was provided without charge from communal storehouses; laborers would no longer work for their masters but on common fields; marriage was a civil ceremony only in this secular realm; government was patriarchal, with officials being elected by the males 40 years of age or older; a complete educational system would be established; hanging, whipping, and imprisonment would no longer be used; and there was no state church. In The Law of Freedom, Winstanley was primarily interested in advocating a society free of hunger and want, not one of abundance and self-indulgence, as would be found in many later utopian visions.
Still, the Diggers are often properly regarded as the first genuine communist-utopian actors in modern times.
in Morris, James M. & Andrea L. Kross (2009), The A to Z of Utopianism, UK:
The Scarecrow Press.
DYSTOPIA - Thinking, the philosophy or discursive process based on a fiction which value represents the antithesis of utopia or promotes...